Anorexia during pregnancy and premature birth is getting common. Have you ever heard about it?
What is Anorexia?
Anorexia is a very popular eating disorder found in teenage girls, especially those who are underweight. It is characterized by lower body weight, defining 15% lower their BMI (Body Mass Index). Anorexia nervosa affects the pregnancy and even the fetal outcomes. Anorexia during pregnancy can also lead to the delivery of premature babies.
According to the comprehensive study, pregnant women diagnosed with Anorexia are likely to have underweight babies. This makes it essential for women to get screened for it to prevent preterm deliveries.
Even the results from the Eshre’s annual meeting shows the substantial risk of 298% of premature birth and 341% of placental abruption. When compared with mothers without anorexia, life-long mental stability also matters.
IDOFERKORN, MD of the McGill University, Montreal, Canada, will describe the details of the analysis. It was based on data from more than 9 million women with and without anorexia, a severe psychiatric disorder characterized by starvation and malnutrition.
What is Chronic Dieting?
Chronic dieting is linked with eating disorders which mainly comprises unhealthy eating practices, including severe calorie restriction in both men and women diet regularly, following fad diets to reduce weight.
Dr Feferkorn shares the findings on the incidence of small-for-gestational-age newborns as “shockingly higher” in comparison with outcomes for offspring of healthy weight women.
What is the link between eating disorder and pregnancy complications?
Do you know that eating disorders leave an impact on menstruation? Even if you have any disorder, you will conceive the way others may be doing. From the result of a study, Dr Feferkorn conveyed a serious health message about the pregnant woman. According to him, there are many fertility specialists who are faced with the dilemma of treating undernourished women. Some of them even refuse to do, so that the joy of parenthood lies with them. All the clinics should have the power and knowledge to deal with such pregnancy complications that may rise for women with anorexia.
As per the database of the US hospital inpatient care records, deliveries that happened between 2004 and 2014 were added, relating the women with anorexia during pregnancy and those without. On the whole, results have shown significant adverse pregnancy outcomes for women with anorexia.
Furthermore, they have shown that the individuals are likely to have another psychiatric problem in addition to their eating disorder, to have thyroid, to be smokers, etc. There are no differences found in the rates for different conditions, affecting women in pregnancy. These included hypertensive diseases, placenta previa, gestational diabetes, bacterial infection chorioamnionitis, and postpartum hemorrhage.
The need for caesarean section was not greater than in women without a diagnosis of anorexia. The study had limitations, including the fact that the authors could not evaluate the severity of anorexia, nor the fulfillment of the treatment. A broader involvement of the findings, said Dr. Feferkorn, is that women should be examined for anorexia before fertility treatment, which current evidence suggests that most doctors do not.