Spasticity is the tightness in the muscle that happens due to prolonged muscle contraction. Some of its common symptoms include stiffness in the chronic muscles, pains, and difficulty in voluntary movements. On the whole this is a disturbance in the regular activity. If not treated at the right time, these symptoms significantly impacts the quality of life.
Do you feel like having the symptoms of muscle spasticity? If so, you really need to deal with it to improve your life with muscle spasticity through a healthcare professional.
How to treat Muscle Spasticity?
Bring some changes to your diet
Although there is no diet plan for spasticity, making specific dietary changes can help improve the chronic fatigue associated with spasticity. Further, improve your life with muscle spasticity.
A clinical study published in 2021 in adults with multiple sclerosis found that participants reported reduced fatigue and better viability after a paleolithic (paleo) diet than a low saturated fat diet.
Both of these dietary patterns emphasize whole foods such as fruits, vegetables and seeds. By replacing processed foods, you can feel better and less tired.
After eating one of these foods, some adults with spasticity who have chronic constipation or urinary tract infections (UTIs) have experienced better bladder and bowel movements. In addition to reducing fatigue and improving bladder and bowel function, a diet that consists mostly of whole foods and low in saturated fat can prevent other medical conditions, such as heart disease and cancer.
If you have difficulty eating and swallowing due to spasticity, you should consult your doctor before changing your diet. Talking to a healthcare professional or nutritionist, if he or she has access, before making major dietary changes can help prevent any nutritional deficiencies.
Stretch, Stretch, and Stretch
During physical therapy, your therapist will guide you through routines to help you stretch your muscles. Although stretching does not normally improve your symptoms, it can help prevent your muscles from contracting or shrinking permanently. As a result, it helps prevent your symptoms from getting worse.
To take advantage of your stretching regimen, your physiotherapist can suggest daily stretching that you can do yourself at home. It can be annoying at first, but stopping it can help reduce pain and fatigue in the long run. When stretching, make sure it’s not painful or too uncomfortable. This may indicate that it is too much for you. If this happens, talk to your physical therapist and he may suggest changes.
In addition to stretching, your physiotherapist will also teach you exercises that will increase your range of voluntary motion. These exercises can help improve your ability to perform daily activities. As with stretching, your physiotherapist will probably give you sets of exercises that you can do yourself between meetings. All these lead to improve your life with muscle spasticity.
In addition, if your doctor provides continuity, you may want to consider adding additional physical activities to your routine to maintain strength, fitness, and flexibility. Examples are yoga, bikes and water aerobics.
Also check- benefits of exercise
Use assistive devices
Assistive devices and home remedies can help you move faster and stay independent while living with spasticity. Your physiotherapist or occupational therapist may recommend specific devices of the correct size. Further, making sure how to use them. Check out some of the devices as follows;
- Wrist support
- Grabber devices
- Raised toilet seats
- Foot drop supports
- Seat for getting ready
- Grab bars
Sleep solve problems
It is estimated that more than 50 percent of people with a stroke or brain injury have sleep disorders. Other neurological conditions can also make sleep difficult. If you also have spasticity, accompanying pain, discomfort and night fatigue can also lead to insomnia.
You can help ensure adequate sleep by following a regular schedule and avoiding exercise or caffeine almost at bedtime. If you continue to have insomnia, your doctor may recommend a treatment to help you.
Satisfy your mental health needs
While the physical symptoms of spasticity are probably the most conspicuous, it is vital to address all the basic mental health needs that you have.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, chronic health is known to increase your risk of depression. Therefore, it is important to inform your doctor and ask for advice if you need it.
In addition, a 2020 analysis and a 2020 study found that certain causes of spasticity, such as traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injury, increase the risk of anxiety and other mental health disorders in adults. Study, lot. Following a treatment plan will also benefit your mental health. For example, a 2021 study in stroke patients showed that botox injections produced better mental health outcomes in adults with spasticity.
Some adults living with spasticity may inadvertently isolate themselves due to changes in movement as well as increased fatigue and pain. However, it is important to adhere to your social schedule as much as possible. Continuing to associate with friends and loved ones can heal you and improve your mental health in the long run.
Ask for help
It is important to seek help from your friends and loved ones when you need it. Be sure to ask your family members to help you find a home caregiver. A caregiver can help you go through your daily routine safely to maintain a certain level of independence.
Get a treatment plan
There are a number of oral medications and injections that help relax the neural pathways in your muscles and alleviate the symptoms of spasticity. It is important to take medication prescribed by a doctor if you intend to improve your life with muscle spasticity. If you experience any side effects such as tiredness or drowsiness, communicate with your doctor to decide if you should continue to take them. In some cases, where a drug is ineffective or well tolerated, your doctor may prescribe another.
If your doctor recommends an injection of botulinum toxin (Botox) type A, ensure follow-up for quick and effective results.
Consult and communicate with your doctor if necessary
Improving spasticity viability also involves visiting a neurologist if you feel that your current treatment plan is not working.
In some cases, if the muscle cannot be relaxed by oral muscle relaxant or botox injection, your doctor may recommend surgery to relax the muscle.
This type of operation consists of a slight incision of the muscles and not cutting the neuromuscular pathways, which means that the muscles are not weakened. It can provide a lasting solution to reduce the symptoms of spasticity. Keep in mind, however, that doctors rarely opt for muscle plastic surgery.