In this article, I am going to share creams that you can use to improve the appearance of scars. Obviously there is no magic and you cannot remove scars after immediate application.
Scar is whenever there is loss of skin markings on the surface of the skin. So our normal skin has a lot of fine skin markings on the upper layer, but when these markings are not visible, then it gives the appearance of scars. So scars can be of multiple types they can be graded according to the cause for the appearance of these scars.
If you have acne scars, these can either be macular, they can be atrophic, or hypertrophic.
Macula meaning that the scar is very fresh to the skin. There is only reduction in the appearance of skin markings, but they are just at the level of the skin. Whereas, atrophic scars is slightly depressed. That means that the scar is below the surface of the skin and hypertrophic scar means that the scar is raised above the surface of the skin.
What are the creams to improve the appearance of scars?
You can use tretinoin or tazarotene cream to improve the appearance and remove scars. These are vitamin A creams, which improves the epidermal cell turnover, meaning that it improves the turnover of the upper layer of the skin so that it improves the texture of the skin. It also causes collagen synthesis, so the depressed scars look less depressed. This helps in improving the texture of the skin. So if you have a lot of scars or the scar sizes very big, very deep, and the scar is visible, even from a far distance, then these creams might not help too much. These creams show their best results when you have very light scars which are only slightly depressed on the surface of the skin. These creams are available in various strengths. Tretinoin is available in 0.025%, 0.5%, and 0.1% strength. Tazarotene is available as 0.05% and 0.1% strength. Remember that these creams should absolutely not be used if you’re pregnant or you’re planning pregnancy. Remember that scar once formed can never go away. This means, you can never go back to normal skin.
If you’re using these creams with an expectation that your skin will completely be normal then you’re going to be disappointed. It is only going to improve and remove scar. Because once there is a scar on the skin, it can never go back to normal skin. And you have to use these creams for a long time for good results.
How to use?
These are vitamin A creams so it can cause a little bit of redness and irritation on the skin. You have to start with a small quantity that is a sesame seed quantity just applied on the affected area once at night. You can first start by using it twice in a week and then slowly increase it every day at night. And when you start a cream you can leave it on for about 45 minutes to an hour and wash it off. Then once you’re able to tolerate the cream, then you can leave it overnight. Remember that if you have dry skin, you have to be very careful while using the screen because this can cause a lot of irritation and dryness.
So I suggest that you first apply a good layer moisturizer and then go on with the cream on top of the moisturizer. This results in reduced dryness.them we should rise up this way the dryness was reduced and you’ll be able to tolerate the cream better. If you have sensitive skin. You can apply the moisturizer then go on with the tretinoin cream. Leave it on for only half an hour, wash it off. And let’s slowly increase the duration of the tretinoin cream. Do not keep it overnight if you have sensitive skin, you will not be able to tolerate it if you have oily acne prone skin. Then you tolerate the cream. Remember to avoid applying this cream especially around the eyes because the skin around the eyes is very thin so it’s best to apply Vaseline petroleum jelly on the corners of your eyes. That is the inner corner of the eyes, outer corner of the eyes, the size of the nose, and angle of the mouth before you go on with application of tretinoin or tazarotene cream. This way tretinoin will not collect in the holes and will not cause irritation. Otherwise these holes can get irritated and can become red and can also become darker in color. In order to avoid that, you must apply Vaseline petroleum jelly.
When will you see results?
You have to apply this regularly for 6-9 months in order to see improvement. Yes, it’s a very long time. This may be because you tend to expect the results very fast but that is not going to happen when you’re dealing with a scar. It is very tough to deal with the scar especially with just application of the cream. So you have to be very religious with application, use it regularly, and be persistent with it and you’ll definitely see improvement in 6-9 months.
These creams can cause redness, burning, and itching if you apply a large quantity or leave it on for a long time. It’s always better to start in a very small quantity, especially seed quantity is more than enough to cover one side of cheek. So start with small quantity, leave it on for just half an hour and then slowly build up. If you do this then you have no side effects. Otherwise it can lead to burn sensation.
Few patients can also have a lot of exfoliation and peeling. They come with red face and a lot of peeling and sensation. If you do have this, immediately stop applying the cream and do consult your dermatologist who will guide you what to do further. Otherwise, you have to just stop applying the cream and use a thick moisturizer. In about two to three days the reaction will completely resolve. I would always suggest you to first consult your dermatologist before using these creams.
When you’re using tazarotene or tretinoin cream, these creams are absolutely contraindicated women who are pregnant or are planning pregnancy. This is the most important precaution. Because the cream causes shedding off the overnight layer of the skin, It can make your skin feel more sensitive to the effects of sound. You might develop redness and irritation. When you go out in the sun, make sure that you use good sunscreen of SPF of at least 30.
You have to apply a good amount of sunscreen also reapply the sunscreen every two to three hours. This is very important whenever you are using vitamin A creams. If you develop any kind of redness or irritation, I would suggest you to please consult your doctor. You must also remember to use a good moisturizer at least twice a day. If you have dry skin, apply cream or lotion-based moisturizer twice a day and if you have oily skin, use a gel-based moisturizer. It is must to moisturize whenever you are using these creams. Otherwise it’s just going to cause dryness and irritation.