Heart Disease and Diabetes

Heart Disease and Diabetes: Relationship

Overview

Diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by more than double compared to the general population. Although all diabetics have an elevated risk of acquiring heart disease, type 2 diabetics are more likely to acquire the disease. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among those with type 2 diabetes.

Multiple health issues, including diabetes, may raise the likelihood of getting cardiovascular disease. In addition to diabetes, heart disease is connected with high blood pressure, smoking, elevated cholesterol levels, and a family history of early heart disease.

Therefore, persons with diabetes need to lower their risk of heart disease by controlling their blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. They should consume a balanced diet, engage in regular exercise, and take their prescription medications.

Relation Between Heart Disease and Diabetes

Adults with diabetes have a high risk of heart disease-related death compared to those without diabetes.

The relationship between people with diabetes and cardiovascular disease is that they have similar risk factors, such as:

  • Having High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Is Characterised By:

Having both hypertension and diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular disease by double.

  • With High Levels of Cholesterol and Triglycerides:

This causes the formation of arterial plaque and is a crucial factor in the development of insulin resistance.

  • Body Mass Index (BMI) of More than 30:

Obese and diabetic individuals who lose weight can lower cardiovascular risk and improve insulin sensitivity.

  • Lacking Sufficient Physical Activity:
  • Exercise Help:
  • maintain a healthy body mass index
  • lowers blood pressure
  • promote appropriate blood glucose levels and reduce A1C
  • lessen the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, heart attack, and stroke
  • Consuming an Unhealthful Diet:
  • Diets Linked to Both Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes Are Rich in:
  • saturated and trans fats
  • processed foods
  • refined cereals
  • added sugars
  • salt

How to Take Care of a Heart with Diabetes?

For taking care of the heart with diabetes you must manage blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. Typically, they can do this through food, medicine, exercise, and other lifestyle changes.

Diet is vital in regulating blood sugar levels. A person should prioritise consuming large quantities of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, lean protein, and low-fat milk. Additionally, they should minimise their consumption of processed, sugary, and fatty meals.

In addition, certain persons may be prescribed medication.

Patients with type 2 diabetes with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease should be given sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. Examples include the diabetes medications empagliflozin (Jardiance) and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists likeliraglutide (Victoza).

For treating diabetes you can get online diabetes medication as per prescription.

To further help in the treatment of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and the prevention of blood clots, your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin.

Those that smoke must also decide to quit. You must include aerobic activity at a moderate level in your routine. Some of them are:

  • quick walks
  • dancing
  • sports
  • low-speed cycling

Also, you must involve in some high-intensity activities, like:

  • hiking
  • jogging
  • long cycling ride
  • swimming laps

Individuals should also make it a point to engage in some form of total-body muscle-strengthening activities.

Relation of Diabetes with Other Cardiovascular Disorders

If you have diabetes plus untreated heart disease, you may be at risk for significant consequences, including:

  • heart failure
  • heart attack
  • stroke

Heart Attack

Diabetes-damaged blood arteries can cause a heart attack if a portion of the heart muscle is deprived of blood.

People with diabetes have an increased risk of heart failure following a heart attack than those without diabetes. You can also read; key heart attack causes

Heart attack symptoms might include the following:

  • pain or discomfort in the chest
  • weakness or dizziness
  • discomfort or pain in your arms, shoulders, back, neck, or jaw
  • nausea or vomiting and extreme fatigue are common symptoms of a heart attack, especially in women

If you have diabetes, the extra sugar in your blood may obstruct your blood arteries, preventing blood from reaching your brain. This may result in a stroke.

People with diabetes have a higher risk of suffering a stroke than those without diabetes.

Similar risk factors are associated with heart disease and stroke. These components include:

  • high LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol
  • high blood pressure
  • obesity

You may abruptly encounter the following symptoms if you are experiencing a stroke:

  • numbness of the face, arm, or leg
  • difficulties speaking or understanding the language of another
  • dizziness
  • vision problem in one or both eyes
  • intense headache

Successful treatments often only work within the first three hours after a stroke occurs.

Heart Failure

Diabetes patients have more risk to develop heart failure. It means their heart is unable to pump enough blood to the body. One of the most severe cardiovascular consequences of diabetes is heart failure.

Among the signs of heart failure are the following:

  • breathing difficulties
  • coughing and wheezing
  • inflammation in legs, feet, and ankles
  • fatigue

Diagnosis

For heart disease diagnosis several diagnostic tests are required. A doctor would likely undertake a range of tests to determine a patient’s metabolic health as a whole. These tests may consist of:

  • Blood Tests:

These tests measure total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides.

  • Echocardiograms:

These utilise sound waves to make pictures of the heart to determine how effectively the heart pumps blood.

  • Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE):

This method likewise employs sound waves to provide an image of the heart. Using TEE, a physician can evaluate a patient’s heart valves and screen for blood clots.

  • Electrocardiograms (EKG):

These devices examine the electrical activity of the heartbeat for abnormalities. Using an EKG, a physician can determine whether a patient’s heart is working too hard or whether they have just suffered a heart attack.

  • CT Scans or CAT Scans:

These make cross-sectional pictures of the heart using a computer.

  • Tensile Tests:

These can evaluate the reaction of the heart to exercise.

Diabetes Treatment for Heart Disease

If you have diabetes, your doctor may prescribe drugs to address heart disease. Also, the doctor might recommend a good diet and frequent exercise.

Consult with your doctor before taking nonprescription drugs to treat heart disease.

As some may interfere with your diabetes medication or include sugar or other carbs that might influence your blood sugar.

The following are examples of drugs that your doctor may prescribe:

  • Liraglutide (Victoza)
  • Empagliflozin (Jardiance)
  • Statins
  • Antihypertensives

When Should You Visit a Doctor?

If you have diabetes and are suffering heart disease symptoms you should make an appointment with your doctor immediately.

They may suggest adopting a healthier lifestyle and food. Additionally, they may prescribe medications. These suggestions may save your life.

Now that you understand the relationship between heart disease and diabetes better, it is time to take action.

Eat well, stay active, and do your best to control your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels.

Diabetes does not necessarily lead to the development of heart disease or other problems. However, heart disease can happen in diabetes patients.

You can manage your risk factors and improve your heart health via lifestyle changes and consultation with your doctor to develop a treatment plan.

Final Takeaway

Diabetes and heart disease are closely associated with one another. Several variables, such as hypertension, elevated cholesterol levels, and excess body fat, increase the likelihood of developing these diseases.

Untreated diabetes can cause permanent damage to the heart’s blood vessels and controlling nerves.

People with diabetes can greatly lower their risk of heart disease by changing their lifestyle.

For instance, by engaging in more physical exercise, consuming fresh, healthful meals, and taking recommended medications.