Do you know what alopecia areata is? Chances are, you have heard of this hair loss condition, but you may not be sure exactly what it is. When most people think of hair loss, they think of male pattern baldness. Alopecia areata is a type of autoimmune disease that causes hair loss on the scalp and other parts of the body. So are there any effective ways to stop alopecia areata from spreading? Let’s find out!
What is alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease that affects the scalp and causes patches of hair to fall out. It is not contagious, and it is not caused by anything that you have done. The exact cause of alopecia areata is unknown, but it is thought to be related to an autoimmune reaction. Alopecia areata is not life-threatening, but it can be emotionally devastating.
The condition is thought to be caused by the immune system attacking the hair follicles, which leads to hair loss. Alopecia areata can affect people of any age, but it is most common in adults.
There is no cure for alopecia areata, but there are treatments that can help to stop the hair loss and regrow lost hair.
Types and Symptoms of alopecia areata
The most common symptom of alopecia areata is hair loss. This hair loss can occur on the scalp, face, or other parts of the body. The hair loss may be patchy or total. Patchy alopecia areata is the most common type, and it causes small, round patches of hair loss on the scalp. Total alopecia areata is less common, and it causes all of the hair on the scalp to fall out.
Other symptoms of alopecia areata include:
These symptoms often occur before hair loss begins. If you experience any of these symptoms, make an appointment to see a dermatologist.
Alopecia treatments by dermatologists and best medicated products
Dermatologists often treat alopecia areata with corticosteroids, which can be taken orally or injected into the scalp. Corticosteroids can help to stop the immune system from attacking the hair follicles, which can help to prevent further hair loss.
Minoxidil (Rogaine) is another treatment that can be used to treat alopecia areata. It is a topical solution that is applied to the scalp twice daily. It can help to stimulate hair growth in people with alopecia areata, and it is generally well-tolerated.
Home remedies to treat alopecia areata
There are also some home remedies that can help to treat alopecia areata.
- Coconut oil
Coconut oil is thought to be a helpful home remedy for alopecia areata, as it can help to moisturize the scalp and promote hair growth. Massaging the scalp with coconut oil is one way to use this home remedy.
- Apple cider vinegar
Another home remedy for alopecia areata is apple cider vinegar. Apple cider vinegar has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help to reduce swelling and inflammation on the scalp. To use this home remedy, mix equal parts apple cider vinegar and water, and apply it to the scalp with a cotton ball. Leave it on for 15 minutes, then rinse it off with warm water.
Alopecia areata can be a devastating condition, but there are treatments that can help to control it. If you are concerned about alopecia areata, make an appointment to see a dermatologist. With proper treatment, alopecia areata can be controlled, and you can live a normal, healthy life.