breast cancer awareness

Breast Cancer Awareness Explained

So October is half passed, did you just forget it’s the “breast cancer awareness” month. You may have come across a lot of people surviving and some of them may be your loved ones. If you realize, the burden of this disease is too heavy and this is why people across the globe are trying to make endless efforts to raise their voices for the breast cancer awareness.

October breast cancer awareness month

Every october, you may get a wealth of information about the breast cancer. And that’s one of the good things as it is incredibly important. The earlier is the detection, the higher are the chances of treating this disease. Earlier diagnosing of such a disease helps those surviving go for state-of-art treatment options, and less extensive surgery.

“According to the world health organization, up to 2.3 million women across the globe have been diagnosed with breast cancer and 685, 000 deaths have been reported”

Types of breast cancer

The chances of breast cancer occurs worldwide, mainly in women at any age after the puberty. Some of it’s types includes the following;

Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS)

Ductal carcinoma in situ is a non-invasive cancer in which there are abnormal cells, found in the lining of the lobules. It is an early stage cancer that is highly-treatableand does not spread outside the duct.

Lobular Carcinoma In Situ (LCIS)

Lobular carcinoma is a health condition in which there are some of the abnormal cells found in the milk glands of the breast. Such cells do not spread outside the lobules, thereby highly treatable. The term “in situ” used here means being in the original place, i.e. such a cancer stays in it’s place.

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC)

Invasive ductal carcinoma is among the common types of cancer where the abnormal cells of cancer begins forming in the lobules, holding the power spread all over the breast and also in the other parts of the body. Such a cancer is common in men.

Invasive Lobular Cancer (ILC)

Invasive lobular breast cancer is the one that begins within the milk glands of the breast (lobules in the medical terms) and the second common type of blood cancer. It spreads in the surroundings of the normal tissue and via the the blood and lymph system to various other parts of the body. The detection of this cancer may also need MRI as this may not be clear on the mammogram.

– Triple Negative Breast Cancer

According to some of the lateset researches being carried out all over Africa, America, and other countries, this breast cancer is common among the youngsters. It is among the aggressive and difficult to treat cancer that is more likely to spread and recur. As far as the diagnosing of this cancer is concerned, it means that the cells in the body lacks three necessary receptors, namely growth-estrogen, progesterone, and Her-2.

Metastatic Breast Cancer

This type of cancer can also be classified as the stage 4 of the cancer. This has usually spread all over the others parts of the body including; liver, bones, lungs, and brains.

Inflammatory Breast Cancer

This has been among the fastest growing cancers that shows no sign in the form of a lump or any different tumor. Even when it turns out aggressive, this does not isolate in the breast. Instead when lymph vessels start blocking, the symptoms of the cancer starts appearing.

Breast Cancer During Pregnancy

After puberty, a woman can anytime be diagnosed with breast cancer, even if it’s during pregnancy. Although it’s a rare case, one surviving will have to take care of the unborn child, i.e. extreme safety is demanded. When diagnosed, this can be treated during the pregnancy as well.

Other types of breast cancers

Other types include the following;

  • Tabular Carcinoma- The ratio for this type is 2%, forming in a tabular structure, viewed under a microscope. This is not seen like a lump, instead is more a spongy area. Women over 50 years age are prone to have diagnosed with such a cancer.
  • Medullary Carcinoma- It accounts for 3-5% of all the breast cancer types. Such a tumor feels like a spongy change of breast tissue and is not always a lump.
  • Mucinous Carcinoma- Of all the breast cancer, this is only 1-2%. It differs by the mucus production as well as poorly-defined cells.

What are the symptoms of breast cancer?

One of the most common signs or symptoms of breast cancer is the painless lump forming in the breast or the breast thickening. This is why it is essential for every women to consult the health care providers without making any delays. Seeking help from the breast cancer organizations offers successful treatments. Although the lump is not always the cancer, the symptoms as below are a sign to get yourself checked;

  • When you see a lump or feel thickening of breast
  • Any alteration in the size, shape, and appearance of the breast
  • Redness or something abnormal
  • Unusual discharge from the breast
  • Feel any changes in the appearance of the nipple

Who is at risk of breast cancer?

Mainly females are at the high-risk of breast cancer. It is 0.5 to 1% of the men who suffers breast cancer.