In the search for the best Rosacea treatment, a majority have been visiting through the list of dermatologists, i.e. from one to the other. Coming across one of the rosacea patients, it was difficult for me to view him either. This skin condition is not the one easily acceptable. Therefore, needs to be treated.
But before proceeding towards the treatment, I prefer my readers to understand what is this skin condition.
What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic, benign inflammatory skin condition that usually affects the face. If left untreated, the condition may worsen with time. Pink or red facial skin, small red bumps sometimes contain cysts and pus, irritated eyes, and small dilated blood vessels are the most common signs of Rosacea. The redness gradually spreads beyond the cheeks and nose to the chin and forehead. Sometimes the chest and ears also indicates the skin condition.
Having faced with such a skin disorder, one may feel the sensitivity of the skin in any other form, i.e. blushes too quickly. But in reality, it’s a matter of concern. This is due to the fact that the redness may cause permanent enlargement of small blood vessels of the face. As a result, they become more visible and appearing like telangiectasia’s (tiny red lines). Continual episodes of blushing and flushing may lead to inflammation. Thus, causing small papules or red bumps just like acne. Overgrowth of dermal tissues is one of the most unpleasant aspects of rosacea. This brings change in the skin production. It appears as permanent swelling and thickening of facial tissues. Rhinophyma (a bulbous nose) is an example of this change.
Although there are huge advancements taking place worldwide, scientists are still not sure about the actual causes of rosacea. The main cause of this disease is not known yet but it may occur due to environmental or hereditary factors.
Upon continuing with my researches deeply, I have come across some important factors and clues that contribute to the disorder:
Facial blood vessel abnormalities
Abnormalities in the facial blood vessels lead to persistent redness, flushing, and visible blood vessels.
People with fair complexion have a much higher percentage of developing the disorder.
A Microscopic mite (Demodex folliculorum):
Demodex folliculorum is a tiny insect, that lives on everyone’s skin. It is usually on the cheeks, and the nose but it is not harmful. However, rosacea patients are prone to possess a higher number of these mites than others. We cannot say it surely if rosacea is caused by mites or it spreads the population of mites.
H. pylori Bacterium
H. pylori, a bacterium usually presents in the gut is responsible to stimulate bradykinin production. It causes the dilation of blood vessels. Some scientists suggested that the bacterium plays an important role in the development of rosacea.
Family history (Inheritance genes)
It might also be possible that the individuals having rosacea inherit genes from their parents or closed relatives.
Rosacea may be aggravated by some other factors including:
- Humidity, sunlight or wind
- Vigorous exercise
- Hot drinks and foods
- Spicy foods, caffeine or dairy products
- High temperatures
- Alcohol consumption
- Anxiety, stress, embarrassment, anger
- And some medications
Role of medications in the best Rosacea treatment
Depending on the extent and severity of rosacea symptoms, there are many treatment choices. Some lifestyle changes and few medications may help in improving the symptoms. Below are the available treatments;
Treatment with topical medications is considered one of the popular methods. Common topical antibiotic medications that are used to control bumps and redness in rosacea include:
- Metronidazole (Metro gel)
- (Azelex cream, Finacea gel 15%)
- Sodium sulfacetamide (Klaron lotion)
- Erythromycin and
- Clindamycin (Cleocin)
- Ivermectin cream (Soolantra Cream, 1%)
Also read; how to deal with hyper skin sensitivity
***All of these above medications are extremely useful in improving the symptoms of rosacea by applying once or twice a day.
Dermatologists worldwide are recommending oral antibiotics medication to patients suffering from moderate rosacea. The reason behind this is the fact that it helps in reducing inflammation. The most common oral antibiotics are:
- Tetracycline (Sumycin),
- Doxycycline (Vibramycin, Oracea, Adoxa, Atridox
- Minocycline (Dynacin, Minocin),
For resistant and severe Rosaceam doctors usually recommend Isotretinoin. It is an acne drug, used to treat acne vulgaris (common acne).
Laser & intense light treatment
The majority of patients are now turning towards intense and laser light therapies. The step is to treat redness and inflammation on the neck, chest, and face. Intense and laser pulse light therapy also helps to improve complexion and skin. Sometimes the treatment can cause crusting of skin, bruising, and tenderness but these complications usually disappear within a week.
It is a new treatment for rosacea. It uses a chemical photo-sensitizing agent along with the light that activates the sensitizer. The treatment has proven the ability to kill fungi, viruses, bacteria, and microbial cells. PDT is a common acne treatment.
Tips for managing symptoms
Along with medications, these lifestyle and home remedies may also help in curing the symptoms of rosacea:
Put on screen
Always wear a wide hat, and 3D sunglasses to cover your face while going outside.
Use only gentle skincare products
Do not use skincare products having alcohol, witch hazel, fragrance, and other harsh ingredients. Only use a soft towel or cloth after washing your face.
Use a moisturizer
In low temperature and wind, your skin becomes dry. Use good quality moisturizers to avoid this dryness.
Massage your face
Rubbing your face gently in a circular motion can also be a good tip for managing the symptoms.
Use of non-comedogenic products
These kinds of products do not block oil and sweat gland openings. Hence, a useful skincare products.
Avoid over-the-counter (OTC) steroid creams
Do not use these creams without a prescription from your dermatologist because they may worsen the symptoms.