What is Eczema Rash?
Eczema rash or dermatitis is a chronic skin disorder or skin conditions. It is marked by red, itchy, and dry skin patches. Sometimes, the patches become scaly, hardened, or crusted. This is a very common skin disorder, and can affect any body part including, eczema on hand and eczema on feet. Being popular among infants and children, it can happen to anyone and categorized into two different periods:
- Remissions (healed skin, but not irritated)
- Flares (skin is irritated by something, results in inflammation and itching)
Redness and itching of the skin is the first episode of eczema. Lately, you may have tiny blisters and bumps. When the condition persists for longer, it is a sign of chronic eczema that may lead to:
- Color changes
- Thickening of the skin
DIFFERENRT TYPES OF ECZEMA RASH
There are various types of eczema. All types depend upon shape, cause, and rash location. They are:
It is an eczema rash, occuring in individuals who are inherited with allergies such as hay fever, allergic asthma, or food allergies. Atopic dermatitis is most common in infants, and affects ears, face, and neck. It may cause effects on knees, ankles, upper eyelids, and hands in teenagers, older children, and adults.
Whenever irritants touch the body, there are two different types of contact dermatitis are produced:
IRRITANT CONTACT DERMATITIS:
It is characterized by direct irritation with irritants such as: sweat, harsh soap, saliva, bubble bath, detergents, and urine.
ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS:
Characterized by allergic reaction. Most common allergens are cosmetics, deodorants, chemicals, and poisons.
It is characterized by small sized patches of infected skin. Later on these patches can turn into crusted, round red, and scaly patches. It is most common in adults, and typically appears on chest, arms, and legs.
This type usually occurs during winter season as patches of cracked, dry skin, and is only limited to hand.
It is the eczema of lower legs. It causes stinging pain or itches in areas of cracked, dry, and reddened skin.
This type of eczema appears on the ankles, calves, and feet. It begins with mild itching of lower legs, and later on converted into swelling.
LICHEN SIMPLEX CHRONICUS:
If an individual rubs and scratches skin repeatedly, this kind of eczema occurs, and it can lead to discolored and thickened skin.
On scalp of infants it appears as cradle cap, and in adults, it appears as dandruff. It causes scaly, red patches with greasy, yellow crusts. These patches can also appear on eyelids, eyebrows, and ears.
CAUSES OF ECZEMA RASH:
The causes of eczema are not known until now. But, researchers believed that some following factors are responsible to cause eczema:
- Abnormal functioning of the immune system
- Environmental factors (chemicals, irritants, allergens, microbes, cold or hot temperature, stress, and food)
- External factors (perfume fragrances, nickel metal, creams, latex rubber gloves, and other care products
Another risk factors include:
- Synthetic fabrics
- Animal dander
- Upper respiratory infections such as hay fever and asthma
HOW IS ECZEMA TREATED?
Treatment of eczema depends upon the severity of condition. Some common medications are:
OVER THE COUNTER ANTIHISTAMINES:
Antihistamines help to relieve itching by blocking histamines, which causes allergic reactions. Drowsiness is one of the side effects of antihistamines. Some examples are:
- loratadine (Claritin)
- cetirizine (Zyrtec)
- fexofenadine (Allegra)
- diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
Cortisone (steroid) ointments and creams can help in relieving scaling and itching. But side effects may occur due to long-term use such as:
- Thinning of the skin
Whenever the condition goes severe, it is the oral Corticosteroids recommended by the doctors. But they may cause bone loss which is considered as a major side effect.
Immunosuppressant’s are usually recommended to prevent over functioning of the immune system. Infection, cancer, kidney disease, and a high blood pressure are the side effects of taking immunosuppressant’s.
- PHOTOTHERAPY/LIGHT THERAPY: This kind of therapy uses sunlamps or ultraviolet light to prevent responses of immune system that cause eczema. Series of treatments in this therapy helps to reduce symptoms of eczema.
- LIFESTYLE CHANGES: Stress is the most common cause of eczema. Some following ways can reduce stress:
- Practicing yoga
- Deep breathing exercises
- Proper night sleep
PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT TIPS:
There are many tips and home remedies to improve or cure eczema. Some of them are:
- Avoid exposure to:
- Bubble baths
- Dry air
- Harsh soaps
- Extreme temperatures
- Perfumed products
- Avoid woolen fabrics. Wear clothes made of cotton.
- Do not rub your skin after taking bath.
- To prevent contact dermatitis, avoid contact with:
- Detergents and irritating chemicals
- If you are suffering from leg swelling, you can prevent it by:
- Wearing compression stockings
- Elevating legs while sitting
Natural home remedies are handy in relieving eczema. You can try some following ways:
It carries antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. You can get instant relief by applying coconut a few times a day on the affected area.
It has regenerative, antibacterial, and antioxidant properties, that make it a good skincare product. Extract fresh gel from aloe Vera and apply on your skin directly to treat eczema.
Curcumin is present in this herb, which has anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties that can prevent inflammation, and itching. Simply, take a glass of warm milk, add a teaspoon of turmeric and honey. Mix well, and drink.
INCREASE INTAKE OF OMEGA-3:
One of the most common causes of eczema is deficiency of omega-3. If your skin is dry, it is recommended to intake more omega-3 rich foods. The best options are Sardines, and Alaskan Salmon
A beautiful and glowing skin is a gem. Skincare routines set once in a blue moon may curse you with multiple skin problems. Of course when the skin gets in touch with what it is allergic to, eczema rash is one of the popular skin problems. This is why maintaining a healthy skincare routine works wonder.