Essential Elements For Dissertation Writing

5 Essential Elements For Dissertation Writing

A dissertation is a research paper for graduate school. Although there isn’t a predetermined format, academics generally agree on the essential components your dissertation should contain. An introduction, a review of the literature, methods, results, and interpretation are the five chapters that make up a typical dissertation. You should incorporate a number of crucial components into each chapter to help your dissertation adhere to strict academic standards.

A dissertation or thesis is a detailed academic writing assignment that must be submitted as part of an undergraduate or graduate degree program. It is based on original research. Your field will determine how your dissertation is organized, but it will typically have four or five chapters (including an introduction and conclusion). 

Although the specifics of your thesis or dissertation will vary depending on the institution, it is up to you to know what your institution, department, committee, and supervisor expect of you because you should know what should be included in your dissertation and where the particular thong belong (Calabrese, 2006). If you are confused regarding any aspect of research, you can look for a bachelor thesis writing service who is pro at writing research papers of any level. They are aware of all styles and patterns and can assist you well.

There is the Step-by-Step Guide to Getting it Right the First Time. Elements of an Effective Dissertation and Thesis: 

Introduction and problem statement:

Your introduction should contain the background of the problem. After referring to the background, write your problem statement. State your problem of the study clearly and concisely. It will reveal the purpose of the study you are about to conduct. You should also mention research questions in order to depict your research purpose more precisely. Mention the importance of your study and define terms if there are any. 

Your introduction lays out the background information and places the particular issue that your research focuses on. It ought to contain: 

  • Historical, geographic, or technical data pertaining to your area of study and your particular problem. 
  • A detailed description of the issue(s) your study aims to solve. 
  • Indicate clearly in your introduction if your particular issue or question is a part of a more extensive study or a more considerable academic discussion on the subject.

Literature Review:

The literature review is an examination of the body of work relevant to your study. This section discusses the subjects and methods of earlier studies on your topic. You will discuss your findings from your review, including what theories have strong existing evidence and what unanswered questions remain about your subject. You can describe how your dissertation fits into the field in this section.

Annotated bibliographies or a simple summary of the pertinent research are NOT what a literature review is. Instead, it is a section that shows you have read the necessary materials, done the necessary research, and understood the external research. Some pointers are: 

  • Make an effort to combine related research. Exist shared methodologies or schools of thought among scholars? Instead of just listing each piece of work individually, try to summarise it in categories. 
  • Put the research in a loose chronological order. Without a sound justification, comparing findings from decades with vastly different eras is not logical.


After determining the problem choose a method that requires less time and effort and produces accurate and efficient results (Khan, 2021). You should thoroughly explain your research procedures and design in your dissertation. Also, provide detailed explanations of the data collection method and justifications for your decision. This section should map out your dissertation. If your readers want to replicate your study, they ought to be able to do so by using your methods. This section should also include a data analysis section that explains how your data is set up.

You have the chance to discuss your area of expertise in this section of your thesis or dissertation. How do scientists in your area carry out their work? Does it involve a lot of data, close reading, theory, history, etc.? Several points to think about:

  • Every discipline has its own unique method of operation, and many disciplines even differ within themselves. Not all academics operate in the same manner. 
  • Indicate your research’s focus clearly, especially if inspired by a tried-and-true methodology. 
  • This is the point to let your professor know if your method or approach to the research is unique or unexpected.


The abstract, typically between 150 and 300 words long, is a concise summary of your dissertation. Write the abstract at last after finishing the rest of the dissertation. Ensure the following in the abstract: 

  • List the main focus and objectives of your study. 
  • Describe the research methods you employed. 
  • Summarise the key findings.

Despite being very brief, the abstract is the first—and occasionally the only—part of your dissertation that readers will read, so it’s crucial that you get it right. You can take the guide on writing an abstract if you’re having trouble coming up with a compelling one.

Or else, in the case of any trouble, one can always ask for the assistance of a dissertation writing service because many companies are providing their expert services to students at pocket-friendly prices.


The outcomes or findings of your research are presented in the results section of your dissertation. The gathered data should be reflected in the information you provide in this component. Typically, the section is structured so that your data is presented first, followed by an explanation of your conclusions.

The conclusion of a lengthy research project, such as a dissertation or thesis, frequently seems relatively unimportant, but it is very significant! You’re not only highlighting the key aspects of your findings but also showing how your research can be expanded upon. For instance, you could indicate: 

  • What are some areas that your research suggests needing more study? 
  • What other fields of study are influenced by your work? 
  • What other issues are raised by your findings? 
  • What areas of this project do you wish you had looked into but didn’t?

Last Words:

Dissertation and its chapters could be different in different institutes and countries. The content and material will be almost the same, whatever the headings or sequence. Students should confirm which pattern and structure their institute or professor follows. And work accordingly. 


Calabrese, Raymond. (2006). The Elements of an Effective Dissertation and Thesis: A Step-by-Step Guide to Getting it Right the First Time. Rowman & Littlefield Education. [Accessed on: 20-09-2022]

Khan, Umair. DWH. 2021. Qualitative and quantitative research methods. Online available at <> [Accessed date: 20-09-2022]